Originally Published: October 15, 2015; October 16, 2015; October 20, 2015

Attempts to revive people who have stopped breathing date back centuries. But it was in the late 1950s and early 1960s that modern CPR developed.

1740
Paris Academy of Sciences recommends mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.
1891
Dr. Friedrich Maass performs the first documented chest compressions on a patient.
1903
Dr. George Crile reports the first successful use of external chest compressions to revive a patient.
1956 – Dr. James Elam and Dr. Peter Safar develop the modern technique of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
1958
Work begins on the Resusci Anne manikin, developed by toy company owner Asmund Laerdal, Dr. Peter Safar and Dr. Bjorn Lind. The training aid is introduced in 1960.
1960
Dr. James Jude (from left), Dr. William Kouwenhoven and G. Guy Knickerbocker publish a paper in the Journal of the American Medical Association on “closed-chest cardiac massage,” which evolved into cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR.
1963
The American Heart Association formally endorses CPR.
1966
The first CPR guidelines are published by the National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council.
1972
The world’s first mass CPR training program begins in Seattle, certifying more than 100,000 people in the first two years.
1981
911 operators in King County, Washington, begin giving CPR instructions over the phone — a practice that is now standard nationwide.
1983
The AHA convenes a national conference to develop CPR guidelines for children and infants.
1990s
Public Access Defibrillation programs begin placing automated external defibrillators, or AEDs, in public places and provide training to the public.
2005
The AHA develops the Family & Friends CPR Anytime Kit, allowing anyone to learn CPR in 20 minutes.
2008
The AHA introduces Hands-Only CPR.
2015
Through a network of about 400,000 instructors and 4,000 training centers worldwide, the AHA trains more than 17 million people in CPR each year.
Twenty-eight states now require hands-on, guidelines-based CPR training for high school graduation. Each year, more than 1.6 million public high school graduates will have been trained in CPR.

Sources: American Heart Association, Journal of the American Medical Association, Laerdal Medical
By American Heart Association News