The FDA proposed major changes to food labels on Thursday to help make it easier for people to choose healthier foods and drinks, but what exactly are the changes and how could they help us be more mindful of what we’re eating and serving our families?

Three consumer alerts from the FDA help fill in the gaps:

A Refreshed Design:  gives a preview of what the proposed label will look like and explains why the changes are being made. “The goal is to make people aware of what they are eating and give them the tools to make healthy dietary choices throughout the day,” writes Jessica Leighton, Ph.D., senior nutrition science and policy advisor in FDA’s Office of Foods and Veterinary Medicine.

Food Serving Sizes Getting a Reality Check: discusses the difference between recommended serving sizes and the serving sizes on the Nutrition Facts label, saying that by law, serving sizes must be based on actual consumption. Makes the point that most people don’t eat half a cup of ice cream or half a muffin.

Proposed Nutrition Facts Label Changes Are Based on Science and Research: says changes to the nutritional information listed on food and drink packages are based scientific evidence, including recommendations from the American Heart Association and other expert groups. “The current nutrition label has served us well for the past 20 years, but we must be sure that what is iconic doesn’t become a relic,” says FDA Commissioner Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D. “The proposed changes to the Nutrition Facts label should make it easier than ever to judge a food by its label and reflect the latest evidence on how what we eat affects our health.”